If your pet dog is suffering from Epilepsy or any another seizure disorder, the veterinarian may prescribe an anticonvulsant for your pet dog. Managing Epilepsy in dogs may become a challenge for some dog owners. To reduce the symptoms of Epilepsy, you may try out Zonisamide for dogs.
This anticonvulsant medication is most effective by itself and also with other anticonvulsants. This will help to effectively control the symptoms of Refractory Epilepsy.
Controlling Epilepsy in pet dogs requires skills, care, and often many medications to control seizures. To take care of the health of your dogs, some show results in a single medication while others require a combination of medications.
What Are Zonisamide Medication Capsules In General?
Zonisamide is a versatile anticonvulsant reducing seizures which are in association with Refractory Epilepsy effectively. The medication is the initial stage for the treatment of this disorder. This medicine comes in handy when dogs cannot tolerate other Epilepsy medications. Other medications include Phenobarbital and Potassium Bromide which can show severe side effects. Additionally, Zonisamide along with Phenobarbital and Potassium Bromide is given to epileptic dogs who can show positive results with this combination of medications.
However, for more guidance and information, you can visit your veterinarian so that they could provide the right medications for your pet dog. It is always better to ask your veterinarian about the rechecks when your dog is under medication. Moreover, you can take your pet dog for tests prior to using Zonisamide.
How Do Zonisamide Capsules Work When Consumed By Your Pet?
The exact action of Zonisamide in dogs and cats is still unknown. Basically, Zonisamide blocks sodium channels in the brain of your dog, which in turn ensures they don’t fire irregularly by reducing nerve cell activity. Also, it can alter the calcium levels in the brain of your pet dog.
How To Administer Zonisamide For Dogs?
As discussed earlier, Zonisamide can be used as the only supplement, or it can be used in combination with some other anticonvulsant medications. For dogs that cannot show good results with Phenobarbital or Potassium Bromide, the medication of Zonisamide is the only choice left.
There is a possibility that veterinarians can measure the Zonisamide levels in the dog’s blood. But there is still a debate whether the measurement of blood levels is necessary or not.
In a single Zonisamide capsule, there is 25 mg of active Zonisamide ingredient. Other ingredients include Cellulose, Titanium Dioxide, Talc, Gelatin, and Silicon Dioxide. Other ingredients include Microcrystalline, Sodium Starch Glycolate Type A Potato, and Sodium Lauryl Sulfate. Similarly, there is a high concentration of Zonisamide capsules available in the market. They also now come in 50 mg and 100 mg concentrations.
Side Effects And Precautions That You Should Keep In Mind
The use of Zonisamide capsules is a controversial subject which is still a topic of discussion in the field of veterinary sciences. This is because the medications are somewhat new to veterinary use. Many of the vets believe that the long-term effects of such medicines in dogs are still unknown. Some say that many vets are getting feedback with successful results.
Zonisamide does not show any such critical side effects. However, sedation and ataxia or the loss of muscle control are two common side effects. Sometimes, Zonisamide may result in vomiting, anorexia, and diarrhea. In some rare cases, Zonisamide can cause hyperthermia, blood disorders, and skin reactions.
Dogs that are hypersensitive to sulfa drugs should not take this medication. Pregnant or nursing dogs must never take Zonisamide as it may lead to birth defects.
Dosage And Administration Of Zonisamide For Dogs
The veterinarian should always determine the dosage and method of administration for the medication of Zonisamide. The dosage should be given so as to get the best possible result. In general, the average dosage for a dog suffering from Epilepsy is 8-12mg/kg by mouth. The interval of the dosage is every 8 to 12 hours. Veterinarians use the sugar-coated oral tablet form as the most common formulation for the Zonisamide medication. Because all Zonisamide tablets come with a sweet coat, keep this medication away from children.
Also, make sure that you do not stop giving the Zonisamide medication suddenly and also be consistent with the dosage of the medicine. A missed dosage may trigger Epilepsy in your pet dog. It is also noted that Zonisamide can increase the level of acid in your pet dog’s blood. This process is known as Metabolic Acidosis. If there is any treatment for Metabolic Acidosis, then it may result in brittle or soft bones and also kidney stones. Additionally, Metabolic Acidosis may or may not show any symptoms.
Zonisamide Capsules Medication Directions
You should consult your veterinarian before you administer any Zonisamide capsule to your dog.
Follow each and every instruction of your veterinarian to administer the Zonisamide medication.
You can administer Zonisamide capsules with or without food.
It is recommended to give a full capsule and breaking the capsule is not at all recommended.
Always make sure your pet dog has enough water while it takes the Zonisamide capsule.
Zonisamide capsules should be stored at room temperature.
Moreover, keep the medicine out of the reach of children, other pets and direct light.
Hope that this article on Zonisamide for dogs will help you to find the right guidance to take care of your pet dog. Also, do consult your veterinarian so that your pet dog becomes fit and healthy soon.