A Comprehensive Guide On Ear Infection In Dogs

ear infection in dogs

ear infection in dogs

Ear infection in dogs are very common and accounts to be one of the top three reasons for visiting a vet. The disease causes a lot of discomfort to your pet and is very painful to bear. Keep your eyes on the dog, and once you find it rubbing his ears vigorously or shaking its head, it means that the animal is suffering from ear infections.

Ear infections, mainly yeast-based infections, are very painful and are identified by a cheesy or bad odor. Ear infection of the dog is not only caused by yeast but also by bacteria and mites as well. Remember to treat your dog as soon as possible or else, your pet may end up having more ear infections in the future.

Signs Of Ear Infection In Dogs

If the dog has any trouble with his ears, you will notice the dog scratching his ears a lot. Or, you can hear his tags rattle on his collar because he is scratching. This is usually a sign of a problem. When you look into his ears, you will find the following symptoms:

  • A brown or reddish discharge
  • Odor in the ear
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Crusts or scabs on the inside of the ear

These symptoms can make you recognize that the pet is suffering from yeast infection in its ear. It is a good idea to call your vet and check your pet buddy.

Causes Of Dog Ear Infections

The commonest reasons behind ear infection in dogs are given below.

  • Bacteria
  • Yeast
  • Allergies
  • Hormone imbalances

The environmental causes for such infections are as follows:-

  • Long and floppy ears
  • Swimming for a long period of time
  • Moisture
  • If dirt enters the ear canal somehow.

However, it is also noticed that not every dog acquires ear infection from swimming in water for a long period of time. While it increases the risk of ear infection, it can also mean that your dog is suffering from other health issues as well.

Bacterial Infections

ear infection in dogs

Bacteria is the second most prevalent reason behind severe ear infections. Dogs contain a type of bacteria in their ears that are considered to be very beneficial and keeps the other harmful bacteria in check. But sometimes, this bacteria can react differently and cause unexpected results. As stated earlier, if your dog is spending his or her time in the pond for long periods, then bacteria from the pond will enter his ear. This will start accumulating inside its ear and will cause infection once the number of beneficial bacteria decreases.

The bacteria that is present inside the dog’s ear is the Staphylococcus which, if overgrown, can result in stressing of the immune system.

Yeast Infection In Dog’s Ears

Yeast or fungi live inside the dog’s ear in the form of small colonies which are known as the microbiome. Similar to the bacteria, the yeast can also overgrow if your dog has a leaky gut.

Many times, immune dysfunction is the primary reason behind ear infection in dogs. Allergies, hormone imbalances or hypothyroidism are different forms of immune dysfunction. So, if your pet is showing any one of these signs, then it is probably suffering from ear infection.

Remember that a single infection is not something to concern you. Proper care and usage of natural remedies will help you restore your dog’s health.

But if your dog is suffering from ear infections frequently, then you will need to concentrate on the immune system of your pet. Check out the natural remedies listed below that can aid your puppy in relieving pain and infection in his ears.

How To Treat Ear Infection In Dogs?

The treatment of your dog’s ear infection can be done through two different methods. One through normal cleaning of ears and using some medicines. The second method is by using intense medicines that you need to collect from a veterinary drug store. However, both the methods can be carried out at home.

Using Mild Medicines And Cleaning

Follow the given protocols carefully:

  • Wipe your dog’s ears:

First of all, use cotton swabs to remove the dirt from inside the ear. This will clear the inside of the ear canal giving us a better view of the infection.

  • Use a cotton ball:

Soak your cotton ball half in the cleaning liquid and then place it in the ear. Then, rub the cotton ball over and over again paying particular heed to the base of the ear. The cotton ball will contain an excess solution to soak up the debris. You need to change the ball a few times to give a proper wiping of the infection.

  • Repeat the use of cotton swabs:

Use the cotton swabs to clean the ear and dry it as well. But do not forget to dump the swab that you have used once.

  • Do a final wipe with the solution:

If you suspect that the yeast is the primary reason for the infection, then use ACV. ACV or apple cider vinegar is very effective in treating yeast infections. A final wipe of ACV all over the dog’s ear will suck out water from the yeast destroying it immediately. Finally, add garlic oil or other anti-bacterial mixes which will not let bacteria accumulate in the ear.

Using Intense Medications

Apply the given steps carefully:

1. Use Of Hydrogen Peroxide

If you can not afford to go to a vet, then buy some hydrogen peroxide at any drug store, or from any online store. Also, buy some ear mite cleanser from any renowned and authentic pet supply store.

Gently pour some peroxide in your dog’s ears one at a time and let it fizzle for a minute. Then, clean it all out with cotton balls or paper towels. Continue doing this twice, and then rinse the ears out with some clean, lukewarm water, and dry them. While doing this, pay keen attention to what comes out of the ear. Is it waxy, or crusty, or bloody, or like coffee grounds?

2. Ear Mite Medication

Then, once you have done that, put a few squirts of the ear mite medication in each ear. After that, gently hold the ears erect and wiggle them around. Then, hold them out to the sides and wiggle them all around. This makes sure the liquid medication runs down into the ears but also gets into as many of the crevasses as possible.

ear infection in dogs

Then, grab the ears at the base, near the head, and kind of squish and massage them. You should hear the squishy sound of the medication being moved around in there. Do that for a good minute or two, and then take cotton balls or paper towel or a very soft cotton rag, and gently swab out the insides of the ears. Go as far as your index finger can comfortably reach without digging or pushing.

If you get a lot of dirt, blood, or any pus or ugly drainage again, then you are strongly recommended to take your dog to a vet. An untreated infection or infestation can lead to deafness and a lot of pain for your pet buddy.

Home Remedy For Ear Infection In Dogs

In this section, we shall check out five natural remedies that can cure and prevent ear infections in dogs.

1. Vinegar

Vinegar can eliminate dirt and debris from the ears. But most essentially, it can kill both the yeast and bacteria that can harm your dogs. However, if your puppy has red and sore ears, then do not use vinegar as it can be very difficult for him to bear the pain.

To apply the vinegar, you need to first take the cider vinegar and put it in a glass but with an equal amount of distilled water. To apply this mix to your dog’s ear, it is recommended that you use a syringe and squirt the mixture on the affected area. Else, you can also use a cotton ball and soak it with the solution and gently clean the area with a cotton ball.

2. Mullein

Mullein is a kind of plant that contains antibacterial properties and is very effective in treating bacterial infections. Buy dry mullein leaf from the online store or make it on your own. Do not worry as making this recipe is very easy; all you need is a few good quality herbs. The procedure to so is provided below:

  • First, wrap the mullein leaves in a small glass jar with olive oil. To get more medicinal properties, use antibacterial garlic for every pinch of oil.
  • Now, let the mixture dilute for about two to three weeks.
  • Apply numerous drops of the solution deep inside the ear through the ear canal with a dropper or dip it on a cotton ball and administer it to the dog’s ear.

Nevertheless, you can also buy ready-made infused the oil and apply the same as well.

3. Oregano Oil

The oil of oregano is an effective natural antibiotic that can also work well in case of such infections. But remember that the solution cannot be used raw. Otherwise, it can cause irritation to the puppy’s ears.

Add one drop of oregano oil to 1/2 oz of pure aloe vera juice. Next, release a little amount of the mixture into your dog’s eardrum or soak it in a cotton ball and wash the earlobe with it.

4. Calendula

This is another amazing herb for treating ear infections in dogs. It is a powerful antifungal herb, and it also relieves the animal from pain. The recipe can be made at home by using the following process.

  • Collect the calendula flowers in a glass jar and seal it with olive oil. Add one or two cloves of freshly cut garlic.
  • Then, examine that the leaves are entirely covered with oil and allow it to settle for about four days.
  • Now, squirt a few drops of warm oil into the dog’s ears with a syringe or use a cotton ball soaked into the mixture.

You can store this mixture for up to six months. Also, you can buy ready-made infusion which is available in the market.

5. Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is antibacterial as well as antifungal. This can prove effective for healing the infection as reported by many vets. Given below are the steps to apply the coconut oil on the dog’s ear.

  • Put a pan on low heat and add two tablespoons of coconut oil on it. Now, add two garlic cloves for extra antibacterial power.
  • Warm the oil for a while and then allow it to cool down slightly.
  • Now, make use of the dropper and dispense two to three drops in the infected ear. Furthermore, you can also use a cotton ball, merge it inside the mixture and use it on the animal’s ear.

You need to apply this extract on the dog’s ear for two to three times a day. Repeat this process for five to seven days and see the results. However, it will be better for you to use the solvent at least once a week to avoid such complications in the future.

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